At Larkrise Primary School, we inspire our children through the Inspire Mathematics Curriculum. As a foundation for our Mathematics curriculum, we use White Rose Maths, which offers a framework to teach the Mathematics Programme of Study as laid out by the National Curriculum and the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage, alongside other high-quality resources, including National Centre of Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics (NCETM), NRICH and Number Sense Maths. White Rose has been influenced, inspired and informed by the work of leading maths researchers and practitioners across the world and is based on the latest pedagogical research.
At Larkrise, we strive to have children develop a positive attitude and interest towards mathematics. From the earliest years, we encourage children to ‘have a go,’ to have children notice numbers, patterns, shapes, and connections and to be able to discuss their findings with others. It is important to instil a love of learning from an early age and to teach children that we learn from making mistakes.
Inspire Knowledge and Skills: Proficiency in mathematical concepts and skills is vital for engaging successfully with the real world. We want to open children’s eyes to this and help them to see the importance of how what they learn in the classroom applies to the real world, both every day for everyone and more broadly across disciplines and careers. We provide a maths curriculum that balances acquiring rapid fluency alongside opportunities to apply reasoning skills in various problem-solving contexts. Each classroom environment is set up to enable children to build independence in learning maths, from up-to-date working walls, carefully chosen scaffolds and accessible resources. Beyond teaching maths discretely, we give children the opportunity to apply and develop what they have learnt across wider learning within the Inspire Curriculum, such as in science, design and technology lessons, to support our intention that children see mathematical skills as something that is essential for their daily life.
Inspire Creativity & Adventure: We believe all children can achieve highly in maths. For some children, this demands a great deal of perseverance and resilience, and we talk explicitly about this in lessons and link it to other areas of curriculum learning, such as PSHCE. We encourage children to support one another to build a classroom climate of endeavour. In virtually every lesson, children have the opportunity to apply mathematical reasoning to solve problems, which deepens their understanding and supports making connections across the curriculum. We take every opportunity to promote creativity in maths. This is particularly evident in the continuous provision on offer in our Lower School, through role play, small world and other exploration-based activities. In older years, creativity is embedded within our CPA approach, where children represent their understanding in a range of ways, such as using models to represent fractions or finding numbers, shapes and patterns in the real world.
Inspire Kindness: Kindness is at the heart of everything we do at Larkrise, and we work hard to create a classroom climate where mistakes are respected as part of the learning process. Staff model making mistakes to ensure children are comfortable to take risks in their learning and can see the value in their own errors or misconceptions. Explicit modelling of how to respond to other ideas helps children to be able to support one another. Children are encouraged to work collaboratively and support one another in their learning journeys in order to be the best they can be.
Our Schemes of Work for Science are structured across the following areas of learning which can be found in our Mathematics Progression Grids.
Children have a daily one-hour discrete maths lesson, as well as 20-minute fluency sessions at least three times a week, in addition to applying skills learned in maths across the wider curriculum.
White Rose: White Rose ‘Schemes of Learning’ provide sequential ‘Blocks’ of learning for the whole year, where children meet each area of learning each year, providing a spiral curriculum.
Each ‘Block’ provides sequential ‘Small Steps’ towards meeting curriculum outcomes. Teachers use professional judgement to decide how long to spend on each small step or whether they are needed for their cohort.
Each ‘Small Step’ incorporates valuable support for teachers, including:
We use White Rose Maths as a framework for teaching because of its Concrete - Pictorial Abstract approach, which is fundamental to helping children build mental images in their heads, fully understand concepts and spot patterns easily.
Concrete representation: a pupil is first introduced to an idea or skill by acting it out with real objects. This is a ‘hands-on’ component using real objects and is a foundation for conceptual understanding.
Pictorial representation: a pupil has sufficiently understood the ‘hands-on’ experiences performed and can now relate them to representations, such as a diagram or picture of the problem.
Abstract representation: a pupil is now capable of representing problems by using mathematical notation, for example, 12 x 2 = 24. It is important that conceptual understanding, supported by the use of representation, is secure for all procedures. Reinforcement is achieved by going back and forth between these representations.
For this reason, teachers use manipulatives to explain ideas and model techniques, and they are available in every lesson for children to use too. They provide a supportive scaffold for any learner who needs this at any point to achieve success. When children have grasped a concept, they are given opportunities to deepen their understanding through reasoning, problem-solving and investigative challenges. This ensures that every child is working with their zone of proximal development. Children who are struggling at any point may receive additional Wave 2 or Wave 3 support where necessary, whilst those regularly attaining above expectations will have the opportunity to take part in extra-curricular competitions and activities.
Calculation: We recognise the vital importance of fluency as a building block for all learning in maths. In addition to the one hour daily lesson, we use at least three further sessions per week specifically for fluency, as well as embedding this within our Home Learning expectations.
For more information about how we teach calculation policies:
Addition & Subtraction Calculation Policy
Multiplication & Division Calculation Policy
Number Sense Maths: Alongside White Rose Maths, we use Number Sense Maths to build fluency from the youngest age, as well as to support older children who may be in need of this. Children in Reception, Year 1, Year 2 and Year 3 have daily 20-minute sessions where they are explicitly taught number facts in a highly visual, systematic and structured way. This programme ensures that children enter KS2 fluent in addition and subtraction facts within 20 which enables them to meet written methods for calculation taught in Y3 with confidence. From mid-Year 3, fluency practice refocuses around times tables facts, building on KS1 multiplicative understanding and counting in steps, towards fluent recall of all facts up to 12x12. More detail on progression within NSM and times tables can be found in our Calculation Policy.
Assessment: Assessment is ongoing with low-stakes retrieval quizzes within lessons to reinforce current or recent learning (e.g. White Rose’s ‘Flashback 4’), as well as end-of-unit summaries in addition to summative assessments termly (PUMA). Within lessons, adults provide immediate feedback so children know their successes and next steps. Adults acknowledge written work in exercise books, addressing misconceptions and providing further challenges through the use of Dedicated Improvement & Reflection Time (DIRT) sessions.
Like all areas of our Inspire Curriculum, we have used research evidence to develop our pedagogy of teaching and learning. For more information, please see our Inclusive Quality First Teaching Key Principles.
By the time children in Year 6 leave us, we want them to have the following experiences and understanding:
Children should have the chance to do this in every maths lesson, but should also recognise that these skills apply across the curriculum and even more widely in the real world.
Inspire Knowledge and Skills:
Children will have the knowledge and skills to be able to:
Inspire Creativity & Adventure:
As part of the Inspire Maths Curriculum, children will:
As part of the Inspire Maths Curriculum, children will:
More information on the impact of the Curriculum can be seen in our celebration Magazine, ‘Larkrise Look’.